Elections to the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania ‘2004
 
Electoral Committees
Formation of Constituency Electoral Committees, the powers of them
Formation of Polling District Committees, the powers of them
  Election Observers
Representatives for the Elections

Formation of Central Electoral Committee, the powers of it


The Central Electoral Committee is a permanent supreme state institution for organising and conducting elections and referendums, provided for in the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania.
The Law On The Central Electoral Committee establishes the legal status, tasks, powers, principles of activities of the Central Electoral Committee of the Republic of Lithuania as well as the procedure of its establishment, work organisation and financing.

As Article 7 of The Law On The Central Electoral Committee says, the Seimas shall form the Central Electoral Committee for a four-year period. The Central Electoral Committee must be formed anew no later than 120 days and no earlier than 140 days in advance of regular elections to the Seimas. The Central Electoral Committee shall not be newly formed before early elections to the Seimas; it shall retain its powers until the Central Electoral Committee is formed before regular elections to the Seimas.

The Central Electoral Committee shall be composed of:
  1. the Committee Chairman;
  2. three persons with university law degrees who are chosen by drawing lots from among the six candidates nominated by the Minister of Justice;
  3. three persons with university law degrees who are chosen by drawing lots from among the six candidates nominated by the Lithuanian Bar Association; and
  4. the persons nominated by the parties which have received mandates of the Seimas members in the multi-member constituency.

The Minister of Justice and the Lithuanian Bar Association may nominate more candidates to the Central Electoral Committee.
Drawing of lots during a Seimas sitting shall be organised by the Chairman or Deputy Chairman of the Seimas.
Prior to the formation of the Central Electoral Committee, the parties (coalitions) which have received mandates of the Seimas members in the multi-member constituency shall each have the right to nominate one representative to the Central Electoral Committee from one list of candidates (joint list) nominated in the multi-member constituency.
If the representatives meet the requirements specified in Article 6 of this Law, the Seimas may not reject the nominees.
In all cases, persons appointed to the Central Electoral Committee from among the candidates nominated by the Minister of Justice and the Lithuanian Bar Association must make up more than 1/2 of the Committee members. If the number of such persons is smaller, the number of the members of the Committee shall be increased in equal numbers, according to the procedure established in this Article, by drawing lots, from among the candidates nominated by the Minister of Justice and the Lithuanian Bar Association. The number of the candidates must be twice as large as is necessary for the additional appointment of members to the Central Electoral Committee.
Upon the recommendation of the Seimas Chairman, the Seimas shall appoint the Chairman of the Central Electoral Committee.

As Article 3 of The Law On The Central Electoral Committee says, the Central Electoral Committee shall:
  1. in the manner prescribed by law, set up electoral and referendum committees of constituencies, cities and regions;
  2. control activities of electoral and referendum committees of constituencies, cities, regions and polling districts, hear their information on the preparedness for elections and referendums, their course, provide methodical and organisational technical assistance to the committees;
  3. investigate complaints and make decisions regarding the decisions adopted by electoral and referendum committees of constituencies, cities and regions, and where necessary – the decisions adopted by electoral and referendum committees of polling districts, reverse the decisions which do not meet the requirements of laws or other legal acts;
  4. establish and proclaim final results of elections and referendums;
  5. declare results of elections, referendums invalid, if election or referendum documents were falsified during them or other illegal actions were carried out which had an essential effect on the results of elections or referendums;
  6. establish samples and forms of ballot-papers of elections and referendums, other documents, seals used in elections and referendums, samples for filling-in ballot-papers and documents, procedure of stamping them;
  7. approve a model description of a polling station and the surrounding territory, and control whether electoral and referendum committees of constituencies, cities, regions have together with mayors of municipalities arranged for the conformity of polling stations, their equipment and surrounding territory to the set requirements;
  8. in the manner prescribed by law, resolve all the disputes concerning election and referendum campaigning;
  9. manage state funds appropriated for elections and referendums, direct financial activities of electoral and referendum committees of constituencies, cities, regions;
  10. in compliance with the laws relating to elections and the Law on Referendum, organise the drawing-up of voter lists, constant revision and management thereof, as well as additional revision of voter lists prior to the beginning of voting in elections or referenda, so that the voters who died, lost citizenship of the Republic of Lithuania in accordance with the procedure established by law or have been declared incompetent by the court, would be struck off voter lists;
  11. supervise the implementation of election laws and the Law on Referendum;
  12. co-operate with international organisations, maintain relations with institutions of other states, which organise elections and referendums;
  13. summarise and publish information on the elections and referendums held in the Republic of Lithuania, as well as their results and the candidates who participated in those elections;
  14. generalise the experience of elections and referendums, have care of education of voters;
  15. make arrangements about the improvement of election technologies;
  16. in the manner prescribed by legal acts, transfer election and referendum documents to the state archives for preservation;
  17. discharge other functions laid down in this and other laws.
When conducting elections to the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania the Central Electoral Committee shall, apart from the functions specified above:
  1. divide the territory of the Republic of Lithuania into single-member constituencies;
  2. accept application documents concerning the nomination of candidates for the Seimas, examine them; upon establishing that the documents are in conformity with the requirements of laws, register the candidates and lists of candidates, and make public the lists of nominees who will participate in the elections, the numbers they have been assigned, and the candidates nominated in single-member constituencies;
  3. discharge the functions of a multi-member constituency electoral committee;
  4. issue a certificate of Seimas member of the Republic of Lithuania to an elected candidate.