Formation of Polling District Committees, the powers of them
As Article 17 of the Law on Elections to the Seimas, says
- No later than 65 days prior to the election, the constituency electoral committee shall determine the number of the members of each polling district committee that must be a multiple of the number of the parties (their coalitions) which have the right to nominate candidates to electoral committees. If the number of the nominated candidates is insufficient or if there is a vacancy in the committee, the mayor of the municipality in the territory whereof the polling district is formed may nominate the needed candidates.
- An equal number of candidates to the polling district committee may be nominated by:
- each party or a coalition of parties which received mandates of the Seimas members in the multi-member constituency during the last election. If a party received mandates of the Seimas members while in a coalition, the candidates may be nominated together with the parties in this coalition;
- a party or a coalition of parties which during the last election to the council of the municipality to the territory whereof the polling district belongs received mandates of the municipal council members according to the list of the nominated candidates.
- If a party may nominate candidates in accordance with the results of both the elections to the Seimas and municipal elections it shall nominate its candidates only according to the results of one of said elections, whichever it chooses. If one of the parties which took part in an election coalition fails to nominate candidates or refuses to nominate them, or if it chooses to nominate candidates according to the results of another election when the coalition was formed, the other parties in this coalition have the right to nominate candidates without the participation of said party.
- A party shall submit its list of candidates for the members of polling district committees to the constituency polling district committee no later than 48 days prior to the election.
- Polling district committees for the period of the election shall be formed by constituency electoral committees no later than 45 days before the elections. If the candidate nominated by the party meets the requirements of this Law the constituency electoral committee may not turn him down.
- If no candidates have been nominated or the nominated candidates do not meet the requirements of this Law, or if they have been nominated after the expiration of the prescribed time limit, constituency electoral committees may reduce the number of members of the polling district committee established earlier or may ask the mayor to nominate the lacking number of candidates to the polling district committees. The candidates nominated by the mayor may not be party members or become party members until the expiration of the term of office of an electoral committee member. If during a meeting of a constituency electoral committee which appoints a member of the polling district committee nominated by the mayor no less than three members of the constituency electoral committee object to the appointment of the candidate, this candidate may not be appointed a member of the committee. A polling district committee must be made up of at least 5 members.
- Chairmen of polling district committees shall be appointed from among the members of the committee by constituency electoral committees.
- During its first meeting the polling district committee shall elect the deputy chairman and the secretary of the committee.
As Article 18 of the Law on Elections to the Seimas, says
The polling district committee shall:
- receive voter lists from the constituency electoral committee, provide conditions for voters, representatives of parties at the elections to familiarise themselves with said lists, hand or deliver in some other way certificates to voters, inform the constituency electoral committee about inaccuracies noticed in the voter list of a polling district
- investigate complaints about the errors made in voter lists;
- in the manner prescribed by the Central Electoral Committee, monitor voting by post conducted in the territory of a polling district, ensure that conditions for voting by post are provided in all health care, social care and guardianship institutions, military units and the places of confinement situated in the territory of the polling district;
- together with a representative of the municipality administration make arrangements in accordance with the requirements set forth in this Law about a timely preparation of the polling station, voting booths and ballot boxes;
- organise voting in the polling district on the day of elections;
- count votes and draw up the vote counting record of the polling district;
- consider the complaints of the voters and observers of their electoral district on issues concerning preparation of the elections, organisation of voting, vote counting, drawing up a vote counting record, and adopt decisions related to them; and
- exercise other powers provided for in this Law.