Members of the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania are elected for a four-year term in seventy-one single-member constituencies and one multi-member constituency on the basis of universal and equal suffrage, by secret ballot in direct, mixed-system elections.
Upon the recognition of the lapse of the powers of a Seimas member, a vacancy occurs in the Seimas. If the former Seimas member was elected in a single-member constituency, by-elections shall be organised in this constituency. By-elections must be held not later than within 6 months. The elections shall not be held if the election date planned to be announced falls within the period when less than a year remains before the date of the next election to the Seimas, as counted in compliance with the Constitution.
Upon the resignation of the Seimas member Viktor USPASKICH (elected in Kedainiu (No 43) single-member Constituency), his mandate has lapsed since June 23, 2005. Therefore by-elections of new Seimas members will be held on 20 November, 2005 in this constituency.
In a single-member constituency, a candidate is considered elected if no less than 40 per cent of the voters on the voter register of that constituency participated in the elections, and the said candidate received more than half of the votes cast. If less than 40 percent of the voters from the voter list of that constituency have participated in the elections, the candidate who have received the majority, but not less than one-fifth of the votes of all the voters from the voter list of that constituency, shall be considered to have been elected. If more than two candidates have participated in the elections and a Seimas member has not been elected, a second poll shall be held after two weeks from the proclamation of the election results. More…