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The Central Electoral Commission (CEC) is a permanent supreme state institution wich organises and conducts elections to the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania, elections to the Office of the President of the Republic, elections to municipal councils, elections to the European Parliament (hereinafter referred to as "elections") and referendums.

According to the Law on the Central Electoral Commission, the Parliament sets up the Central Electoral Commission no later than 200 days and no earlier than 140 days after regular or early elections to the Seimas. The Central Electoral Commission is also set up by the Seimas after the latter adopts a resolution pursuant to terminate the powers of the Central Electoral Commission. The Central Electoral Commission set up in this way exerts its powers until a new Central Electoral Commission is set up.

The Central Electoral Commission is composed of: 1) the Commission Chairman; 2) two members with the university law degree who are nominated by the Minister of Justice and appointed by the Seimas by secret ballot; 3) two members with the university law degree who are nominated by the Lithuanian Bar Association and appointed by the Seimas by secret ballot; 4) two members with the university law degree who are nominated by the President of the Republic and appointed by the Seimas by secret ballot; 5) members nominated by the parties which have received mandates of the Seimas members in the multi-member constituency, where such persons have the university law degree and the experience of working in electoral committees.

About CEC and the replacement procedure, its main functions and activities are established in Republic of Lithuania Law on the Central Electoral Commission.

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